The electric service industry in Malaysia is one of the most developed in Southeast Asia. The country has an installed capacity of more than 23,000 megawatts (MW) and a per capita consumption of more than 1,500 kilowatt-hours (kWh).
Malaysia’s electric service industry is vertically integrated, with the Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) group of companies owning and operating the generation, transmission, and distribution assets. TNB is the largest electric utility in Malaysia and one of the largest in Southeast Asia.
The electric service industry in Malaysia is regulated by the Malaysian Electricity Supply Industry Act (MESIA) of 1997. The MESIA provides for the regulation of the generation, transmission, distribution, and supply of electricity in Malaysia.
The MESIA also established the Malaysian Electricity Regulatory Commission (MERC) as the independent regulatory body for the electric service industry in Malaysia. The MERC is responsible for setting tariffs, approving generation and transmission projects, and enforcing the MESIA.
The electric service industry in Malaysia is dominated by thermal generation, with coal-fired power plants accounting for the majority of installed capacity. Hydroelectric power plants are the second-largest source of generation, followed by gas-fired power plants.
Malaysia has a well-developed transmission and distribution network, with more than 40,000 kilometers (km) of transmission lines and more than 200,000 km of distribution lines.
The electric service industry in Malaysia is facing a number of challenges, including a declining domestic market, an over-reliance on coal-fired generation, and a lack of investment in new generation capacity.
The Malaysian government has introduced a number of policies and initiatives to address these challenges, including the Malaysian Electric Power Sector Transformation Plan (MEPSTP) and the Malaysian Electricity Supply Industry 2.0 (MESI 2.0).
The MEPSTP is a 10-year plan that was launched in 2016 with the goal of transforming the electric power sector in Malaysia. The plan includes a number of initiatives, such as the introduction of a new tariff structure, the development of renewable energy, and the improvement of efficiency and
2. The different types of electric services in Malaysia
There are three main types of electric services in Malaysia: residential, commercial, and industrial.
Residential electric service is for single-family homes, apartments, and other dwellings. It is the most common type of electric service in Malaysia.
Commercial electric service is for businesses, such as stores, office buildings, and restaurants.
Industrial electric service is for factories and other large businesses.
3. The benefits of electric services in Malaysia
Electricity plays a vital role in our day-to-day lives. It is an essential part of modern life, powering our homes, businesses, and industries. In Malaysia, electricity is provided by Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB), the largest electric utility company in the country.
The Malaysian Government has been investing heavily in the country’s electric infrastructure in recent years. This has led to significant improvements in the quality and reliability of electric service in Malaysia. Here are three of the most important benefits of electric service in Malaysia: